Grid Dynamics 1105 Underfrequency and Undervoltage

1105 Underfrequency and Undervoltage

65.00 65.00
$65.00
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  • Course Delivery: On Demand
  • Credit Hours: 2
  • Credit Type: General, NERC CE, Standard, Professional, EO

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Description

This course is an introduction to the concepts of under frequency and under voltage. During this lesson you will learn to relate these concepts to NERC and regional coordinating authority standards. You will test your knowledge of these relationships in several quizzes.

By the end of this lesson you will understand the different roles and relationships that under frequency and under voltage maintain in many workplace practices.

  • NERC CEH: 2
  • NERC OPS Hours: 2
  • NERC Standard Hours: 1
  • NERC Simulation Hours: 0
  • NERC PE Hours: 2
  • NERC EO Credits: 2
 

Course Objectives

Terminal Objective: The trainee shall define key terms relating to underfrequency and undervoltage.

  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall explain key NERC terms including AGC, cascading, frequency bias, and ACE.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe how the load-resource balance impacts frequency.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe how governors and AGC relate to frequency control.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall list the reactive devices that raise voltage.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall list the reactive devices that lower voltage.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall list the applicability of VAR-001 and VAR-002.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe purpose and key requirements of VAR-001 and VAR-002.

Terminal Objective: The trainee shall describe how under frequency affects the grid.

  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe how automatic under frequency load shedding affects frequency.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall explain the fundamental relationships of ACE frequency component.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe how the following Standards relate to system control: BAL-001, BAL-002, BAL-003, BAL-004, BAL-005, and BAL-006.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall explain how ACE frequency bias supports grid frequency and relate to BAL-003.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe the key components of ACE and how frequency bias is included.

Terminal Objective: The trainee shall describe how to maintain reliability in the face of undervoltage and underfrequency.

  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe the methods of protecting against underfrequency.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe where undervoltage protection is commonly applied.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall explain how operating reserves and reactive reserves are key factors in reliability.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall explain how maintaining voltage before the voltage deteriorates can mitigate worsening state.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe the relevancy of monitoring and control to emergency operations relating to voltage and frequency.

Terminal Objective: The trainee shall explain the dynamics of grid control of frequency on an islanded system.

  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe what system operators must do to minimize voltage degradation and cascading.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall explain how load change affects frequency.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe what a system operator must do to arrest frequency decay.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe the key requirement of communication per COM-002, R2.
  • Enabling Objective: The trainee shall describe the purpose of CIP-001 regarding reporting of sabotage.
 

Topics Covered

Lesson 1: Underfrequency and Undervoltage Introduction and Review

  • Introductory Quiz
  • Introduction to Underfrequency and Undervoltage
  • Reactive Reserve
  • Frequency Impacts upon System Reliability
  • Underfrequency Protection Against Cascading
  • Governor Speed Drop
  • A Dynamic Look at Underfrequency and Undervoltage
  • Underfrequency and Undervoltage Review
  • Voltage and Frequency Facts
  • Review

 

 

Regulatory Information

1105 Undervoltage and Underfrequency - North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

  • Name:
  • North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)
  • Phone:
  • (609) 452-8060
  • Fax:
  • (609) 452-9550
  • Website URL:
  • http://www.nerc.com/
  • Email Address:
  • Address:
  • 116-390 Village Boulevard
  • City:
  • Princeton
  • State:
  • NJ
  • Zip:
  • 08540-5721
 

Subject Matter Expert

This course is created and brought to you by 360training, a leading provider of accredited e-learning courses to working professionals through today's leading schools, associations and corporations. 360training's high-quality e-learning courses assist thousands of working professionals in a wide range of disciplines, helping them to succeed in today's marketplace, to renew licenses, to acquire certification or to prepare for a new profession.

This course was created by the instructional design staff of 360training in connection with field professionals whose many years of experience in adult educational theory and distance learning technology make the process of certification, compliance and training as convenient, engaging and cost-effective as possible.

If you have any requests for technical or instructional support, then please contact the 360training Support Department located in the HELP section of your account profile. Technical support inquiries are handled immediately; instructional support questions are answered within 24 business hours, with information provided by a qualified professional in your field through our network of subject matter experts.

 

End of Course Instructions

Upon successful completion of the course and the accompanying survey, you will get your certificate and, if appropriate, have your success reported to the relevant regulatory body.

NERC CE: If you selected this option at the course launch, your credits will automatically be reported for NERC CE through the NERC SOCCED reporting tool. In case of reporting failure, your credits would be manually reported within 48 hours. It is important to provide the correct License Number in order to obtain the completion certificate and get reported. You can also use this Certificate for PDH Reporting and reporting to any other Regulator (example PJM, etc.).

RCEP: If you selected this option at the course launch, you will NOT receive a certificate directly from the training page. Instead, your credits will be reported to RCEP and you would receive a certificate from them through email.

360training: If you selected this option at the course launch, you are seeking NO credit reporting. The training you are taking is for professional development only. You will receive a generic 360 certificate.

 

Quiz Information

You will not be required to pass the knowledge check questions to move on to the next lesson. These will not be counted as a grade, but each question gives you insight into what you should have learned and the sorts of things you'll need to remember moving forward.

 

Exams

The final exam must be passed successfully with 70% or higher in order to receive your certificate of completion.

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