This course alerts participants to the hazards of walking and working surfaces and provides information about workplace action needed to eliminate or control these hazards.
At the conclusion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Develop a working knowledge of key elements surrounding OSHA's Walking and working surfaces regualtion
- Understand key terminology conceptsExamine the consequences of poor housekeeping and hazards of wall and floor openings
- Discuss the specifications for safe design and construction of fixed general industry stairsLearn the minimum requirements for dock-boards and proper care and use of portable ladders
- Discuss general scaffolding requirements
PROGRAM OUTLINEWorkplace Risks- Every year new laws, rules and regulations are implemented to make the workplace safer.- It's up to you to implement the training you received to lower risks.- Standard Precautions are used to control the spread of infectious diseases such as:o always wash your handso keep work are clean- Standard Precautions applies to exposure to blood or other bodily fluids. - It is impossible to know if a beaker or syringe is contaminated so treat all blood and bodily secretions with Standard Precautions.- The first line of defense against exposure is to wear personal protective equipment - latex gloves, aprons, face shields and safety glasses.- Report all potential hazards to your supervisor.Exposure- When exposed to contaminated blood, remain calm, stop, wash and report.o Stop - whatever you are doing and tend to yourself.o Wash - the affected area with soap and water.o Report - the incident to your supervisor.- The employer provides vaccination for hepatitis B.- Besides health care workers, others who might be at risk for exposure are:o dentistso laboratory workerso morticianso custodial workerso policeo firemeno paramedics- Blood and bodily secretions can be infectious. Other examples might be:o salivao lymph fluido semeno vaginal secretionso breast milk- There are 20 different diseases known as pathogens transmitted by blood. The three major diseases are hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV.- Hepatitis C (HCV) is a bloodborne infection caused by an RNA virus.- Hepatitis C is a virus that is passed on similar to hepatitis B.- Hepatitis C scars the liver and develops into cirrhosis normally after 20 years exposure. - HCV is unrelated to any other hepatitis virus - A, B, D and E.- 75% of people infected with HCV have no idea they are infected.- 85% of people infected with HCV will develop chronic or long lasting hepatitis C infections.Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)- PPE is a protective barrier between you and a potential infectious substance.- For example, in addition to latex gloves, a dentist should wear goggles and filtering face piece to protect from saliva or blood.- Other examples of PPE are: face shields, aprons, jumpsuits, CPR masks, caps and booties.Biohazard Disposal- Biohazard bags are fluorescent orange or orange-red with contrasting colors for letters and symbols.- Biohazard bags are used to dispose blood-soaked gauzes or bodily tissue.- Sharps containers are used to dispose hypodermic needles or used scalpels.- Laundry and custodial personnel receive needlestick wounds in the legs when they move bags of laundry or trash.New Technologies . Legislation- Regulatory agencies are putting more emphasis on engineering controls to reduce needlestick injuries.- Safer needle devices are self re-sheathing needles, injection devices without needles, blunt sutures, needleless IV.- The Healthcare Worker Needlestick Prevention Act of 1999 is legislation enacted to address issues facing healthcare workers.- The Act amends OSHA's recommendation and encourages hospital administrators to implement safer needle technology.- The focus is on engineering controls, safer sharps containers and others. Information . Training- OSHA Standards relating to Bloodborne Pathogens can be found in 1910.1030(g)(2).- There are 14 elements of information required for a BBP program to meet OSHA Standards as follows:- Element One - an accessible copy of the regulatory text of this standard an explanation of its contents.- Element Two - a general explanation of the epidemiology and symptoms of bloodborne diseases.- Element Three - an explanation of the modes of transmission of bloodborne pathogens.- Element Four - an explanation of the employer's exposure control plan and how employee's can obtain a copy of the written plan.- Element Five - an explanation of the appropriate methods for recognizing tasks and other activities involving exposure to blood and other infectious materials.- Element Six - an explanation of the use and limitations of methods to prevent or reduce exposure.- Element Seven - information on the types, proper use, location, removal, handling, decontamination and disposal of PPE.- Element Eight - an explanation of the basis for selection of PPE.- Element Nine - information on the hepatitis B vaccine.- Element Ten - information on appropriate actions to take and persons to contact in an emergency involving blood or other infectious materials.- Element Eleven - an explanation of the procedure to follow if an exposure incident occurs.- Element Twelve - information on the post-exposure evaluation and follow up required by the employer.- Element Thirteen - an explanation of signs, labels and/or color coding requirements.- Element Fourteen - an opportunity for interactive questions and answers with the person conducting the training session. Other Requirements- The person conducting the training shall be knowledgeable in the subject matter covered by the Elements.- The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard is comprehensive and requires compliance in all parts of the Standard.- Documentation is mandatory on any training conducted.
Subject Matter Expert
Michael Millsap - Mike has over 20 years experience in Environmental Health and Safety and is currently a certified Outreach Training Instructor with 360training.com.
End of Course Instructions
Congratulations on completing your course, you may now print your certificate of completion.
The final exam consists of 10 questions and must be passed with 70% to receive your certificate of completion.
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