Emergency Response Plans for Petroleum Stations

Emergency Response Plans for Petroleum Stations Do you know what to do in case of a fuel station emergency? The time to learn is not when things are about to go south. If you’re aware of the hazards and knowledgeable about proper emergency response beforehand, you’ll be able to react quickly when others are panicking. The key to effective emergency response is a strong, site-specific plan. Important parts of an emergency response plan include:

Definition of an Emergency

An emergency involves raising alarms in the event of an immediate risk to prevent escalation and damage to buildings and equipment and the injury and death of individuals. For a gas station, an emergency might include:
  • Fire or ignition
  • Explosion
  • Large flammable liquid spill
  • Person or clothing covered in gas
  • Injuries
  • Threat of violence
  • Robbery

On-Site Emergency Response Equipment

Employees need to know where to find the necessary equipment used in an emergency. The plan should identify the equipment, its function, and how to use it. On-site fixed fire-fighting or emergency response facilities must be indicated; for example:
  • Safety devices
  • Emergency shutdown for flammable fuel sources
  • Alarms
  • Fireman’s switch
  • Water or foam equipment
  • Pump shutdowns
  • Emergency routes and exits
Portable spill response and fire-fighting equipment may include fire extinguishers, spill containment systems, and spill remediation measures.


Humans are visual creatures, so it’s important to include a detailed site map that shows where all the tanks, pumps, fire-fighting equipment, and emergency response facilities are located.

Proper Procedures for Emergency Response

An effective emergency response plan outlines emergency scenarios along with detailed procedures that indicate the correct emergency actions, emergency response facilities, and the qualified personnel. The supervisor should not be required to handle everything, so delegate the authority for certain actions to others. Proper interaction with Emergency Services should also be included. Evacuation procedures should be clearly explained and outline the escape routes, assembly points, how to account for employees and others, and the responsible personnel. First aid needs to be covered, including first aid experts, medical staff, and how to protect staff.

Emergency Response Personnel

The people who are trained and responsible for specific tasks in an emergency should be listed as wells as their responsibilities and functions.

Emergency Training

For an emergence plan to work, everyone has to understand the applicable emergency procedures in a language they can understand. Employees responsible for storing, dispensing, and conveying petrol must receive adequate training. Everyone who may have to deal with an emergency should complete comprehensive training that explains proper procedures for emergency scenarios. Emergency training should be provided to new hires and as regular refreshers to all employees. Effective emergency training would cover:
  • Hazards
  • Risk assessment
  • Use of petrol controlling devices
  • Underground storage tanks
  • Hazardous zones
  • Site address
  • Raising alarms
  • Isolating pumps
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Specific emergency scenarios
  • Safe dispensing
  • Reporting defective equipment
  • Handling small spills
  • Practice drills
The right training is crucial to effective emergency response, and the right training is what works for you. 360training.com has the super convenient online environmental health and safety training you need, like the UST Facility Operator Training Course. Quick compliance is just a few clicks away. Enroll now.

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