How to Complete an Activity Hazard Analysis
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) requires contractors of federal projects to complete a documented process of risk management prior to any hazardous work operation. In compliance with the Safety and Health Requirements Manual (EM 385-1-1), contractors must carry out an Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA) to identify, assess, prioritize, and address specific risks. Do you know how to complete an AHA? Read our latest blog to find out!
What is an Activity Hazard Analysis?The USACE uses an activity hazard analysis to document, analyze, and manage the inherent risks of a particular work activity:
- Before performing any defined feature of work, the contractor must outline the job steps, associated hazards, control measures, risk assessment, related equipment, training requirements, and competent personnel in a written document.
- Communication and involvement with workers, site safety and health officers (SSHO), subcontractors, and even suppliers are crucial in developing an effective AHA.
- The activity hazard analysis must be reviewed and updated to reflect and address any changes in existing work procedures, operations, and even competent personnel.
How does an AHA help?An AHA helps contractors, workers, and SSHOs to identify hazards before related accidents and injuries may occur. The findings of the AHA can also be used as a guide to:
- Minimize accidents and injuries
- Establish proper work procedures
- Implement preventive measures
- Determine safety training opportunities
- Increase worker productivity
- Reduce workers’ compensation costs
What are the steps to conduct an activity hazard analysis?
- Define work features and prioritize hazardous activities.
- Activities with high injury or illness rates
- Activities that may potentially cause severe accidents or injuries
- Activities that are new to the process or have undergone modifications
- Complex activities that need written instructions
- Outline the sequence or steps needed to perform the activity.
- Determine the potential hazards for each step or work phase.
- Struck-by and caught-in-between hazards
- Slip, trip, and fall hazards
- Electrical, health, and fire hazards
- Hazardous material or chemical hazards
- Identify safety and precautionary measures to control or prevent the potential hazard.
- Can the steps or procedures be changed to minimize such hazards?
- Is it feasible to reduce the frequency of that hazardous activity?
- What kind of personal protective equipment can be used?
- What can the employees do to reduce associated hazards?
- Acknowledge the risks and assign a Risk Assessment Code (RAC).
- Probability – frequent, likely, occasional, seldom or unlikely
- Severity – catastrophic, critical, marginal or negligible
- List additional details for hazard analysis.
- Equipment to be used
- Names of competent or qualified personnel
- Training requirements
- Inspection requirements