From the cell phone we use to the electricity transformers around us, radiation often takes place whenever technology is involved. In the medical field, whenever an X-ray is taken, or MRI is done, or a CT scan is used, patients are exposed to a certain type of radiation. If you to go even further, some of the minerals on Earth also contain Radium, Ilmenite, Titanium Uranium, etc. which are all radioactive. Overexposure to radiation can cause a host of health problems, including death in severe cases. Radiation itself occurs with many of our daily activities, which is why best we can do in most cases is to take steps in reducing our exposure to its harmful rays.
X-ray, which is used in the medical as well as industrial field is known to produce radiation that can be harmful to patients and employees. To address this, it’s highly recommended for establishments to house an X-Ray room that should be isolated with at least 40 mm lead shield to thwart radiation to the atmosphere.
For more on this topic, check out these two types of radiation:
Ionizing Radiation. Radiation takes place when electrons are ousted from the atoms; this process is called ionization. Ionizing radiation can affect the health of anyone exposed to it, since DNA and tissues are at risk of being damaged when overexposed to this kind of radiation. X-Ray is a typical ionizing radiation, while nuclear reactions and cosmic explosions can cause ionizing radiation, too but in a massive scale. Furthermore, radioactive elements which are rampant on the earth’s surface can also emit ionizing radiation due to radioactive decay, which is a source for concern on industries such as mining and construction, especially if their no up-to-date with their HAZWOPER Compliance.
Some of the sources of ionizing radiation are:
- Power lines
- Electronic devices
- Cell phones
- Smart meters
- Medical use of radiation
- Nuclear power plants
Non-Ionizing Radiation. When the electrons are not ousted from the atom but create enough vibration the results can create what is referred to as the non-ionizing radiation. Conversely, this type of radiation often comes from radio waves, lights, electricity, and microwaves. While it’s not as strong as ionizing radiation, it’s occurrence on many of our daily activities can still be a bit disturbing.
Wireless device, TV, radio, cell phones, microwave, cell towers, transformers, power lines, are notorious for being a constant source of radiation. In fact, the Radio Frequency Safety which includes SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) for cellular telephones remains a serious debate globally.
Regardless of the type of radiation, a concerted effort between the government, organizations, and household must be made to reduce radiation to point that it won’t put people and communities at risk. As we await a more clear-cut solution regarding the matter, it’s important for individuals and companies to understand as much as they can about radiation and how it affects our health and community.