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What are the Different Types of Chemical Hazards?

Editorial Team July 3, 2018 0

Chemical Hazards are Present in a Range of Workplaces and Industries. The specific type of hazard varies according to each workplace, site, and industry. Learn about the types of chemical hazards below.

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To Identify a Chemical Hazard

It is important for workers to be able to identify different types of chemical hazards.

It is important for workers to be able to identify different types of chemical hazards. Click To Tweet

The type and severity of each hazard depends on:

  • The specific chemical
  • Any other chemical[s] in the mix, if any
  • The proportion and concentration of the chemical, mixture or solution

Types of Chemical Hazards

  • Flammable Hazards – Materials that burn or ignite.

Examples of a flammable hazard: Acetonitrile, Methanol, Diesel Fuel, Mineral Spirits

  • Corrosive Hazards -Materials that cause visible destruction and/or irreversible alterations at point of contact.

Examples of a Corrosive  Hazard: Acetic Acid, Photographic Fixer, Sodium Hydroxide

  • Reactive Hazards – Materials that are liable to explode or react violently on contact with air, water or other chemicals.

Examples of a Reactive Chemical Hazard: Benzoyl Peroxide, Nitric Acid, Picric Acid, Silane, Sodium Metal

  • Toxic Hazards – Materials that cause harm if they enter the body, such as carcinogens, mutagens, and poisons.

Examples of a Toxic Chemical Hazard: Benzene, Bromine, Powdered Inks and/or Pigments, Sodium Azide, Formaldehyde

  • Irritants – Materials that cause harm by irritating the eyes and/or skin, and cause allergic reactions, drowsiness, lack of coordination and/or organ damage.

Examples of an Irritant: Ammonia, Poison Ivy, Sulfur Dioxide

  • Environmental Hazard – Materials that are toxic and/or cause harm to the environment at large, particularly aquatic animals.

Examples of an Environmental Hazard: Anthrax, Arsenic, Asbestos, Lead, Mercury, Oil

Protection Against Chemical Hazards with 360Training.com

  • Learn more about chemical hazards with 360training.com
  • Sign Up for the HAZWOPER 24-Hour Course Plus GHS Hazardous Communication
  • Designed for employees exposed to hazardous substances to teach them about proper use, clean-up, treatment, storage, and disposal

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_hazard#Chemical

http://www.uvm.edu/safety/lab/chemical-hazards

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