Chemical Hazards are Present in a Range of Workplaces and Industries. The specific type of hazard varies according to each workplace, site, and industry. Learn about the types of chemical hazards below.
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To Identify a Chemical Hazard
It is important for workers to be able to identify different types of chemical hazards.
The type and severity of each hazard depends on:
- The specific chemical
- Any other chemical[s] in the mix, if any
- The proportion and concentration of the chemical, mixture or solution
Types of Chemical Hazards
- Flammable Hazards – Materials that burn or ignite.
Examples of a flammable hazard: Acetonitrile, Methanol, Diesel Fuel, Mineral Spirits
- Corrosive Hazards -Materials that cause visible destruction and/or irreversible alterations at point of contact.
Examples of a Corrosive Hazard: Acetic Acid, Photographic Fixer, Sodium Hydroxide
- Reactive Hazards – Materials that are liable to explode or react violently on contact with air, water or other chemicals.
Examples of a Reactive Chemical Hazard: Benzoyl Peroxide, Nitric Acid, Picric Acid, Silane, Sodium Metal
- Toxic Hazards – Materials that cause harm if they enter the body, such as carcinogens, mutagens, and poisons.
Examples of a Toxic Chemical Hazard: Benzene, Bromine, Powdered Inks and/or Pigments, Sodium Azide, Formaldehyde
- Irritants – Materials that cause harm by irritating the eyes and/or skin, and cause allergic reactions, drowsiness, lack of coordination and/or organ damage.
Examples of an Irritant: Ammonia, Poison Ivy, Sulfur Dioxide
- Environmental Hazard – Materials that are toxic and/or cause harm to the environment at large, particularly aquatic animals.
Examples of an Environmental Hazard: Anthrax, Arsenic, Asbestos, Lead, Mercury, Oil
Protection Against Chemical Hazards with 360Training.com
- Learn more about chemical hazards with 360training.com
- Sign Up for the HAZWOPER 24-Hour Course Plus GHS Hazardous Communication
- Designed for employees exposed to hazardous substances to teach them about proper use, clean-up, treatment, storage, and disposal