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What are the Different Types of Chemical Hazards?

Janet Cornett July 3, 2018 0

Chemical Hazards are Present in a Range of Workplaces and Industries. The specific type of hazard varies according to each workplace, site, and industry.

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To Identify a Chemical Hazard

It is important for workers to be able to identify different types of chemical hazards.

It is important for workers to be able to identify different types of chemical hazards. Click To Tweet

The type and severity of each hazard depends on:

  • The specific chemical
  • Any other chemical[s] in the mix, if any
  • The proportion and concentration of the chemical, mixture or solution

Types of Chemical Hazards

  • Flammable – Materials which burn or ignite.

Examples: Acetonitrile, Methanol, Diesel Fuel, Mineral Spirits

  • Corrosive – Materials which cause visible destruction and/or irreversible alterations at point of contact.

Examples: Acetic Acid, Photographic Fixer, Sodium Hydroxide

  • Reactive – Materials which are liable to explode or react violently on contact with air, water or other chemicals.

Examples: Benzoyl Peroxide, Nitric Acid, Picric Acid, Silane, Sodium Metal

  • Toxic – Materials which cause harm if they enter the body, such as carcinogens, mutagens, and poisons.

Examples: Benzene, Bromine, Powdered Inks and/or Pigments, Sodium Azide, Formaldehyde

  • Irritant – Materials which cause harm by irritating the eyes and/or skin, and cause allergic reactions, drowsiness, lack of coordination and/or organ damage.

Examples: Ammonia, Poison Ivy, Sulfur Dioxide

  • Environmental Hazard – Materials which are toxic and/or cause harm to the environment at large, particularly aquatic animals.

Examples: Anthrax, Arsenic, Asbestos, Lead, Mercury, Oil

Protection Against Hazards with 360Training.com

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_hazard#Chemical

http://www.uvm.edu/safety/lab/chemical-hazards

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