What Are Vector-borne Diseases? - INFOGRAPHIC
Human illnesses caused by bacteria, parasites, and viruses. Vector-borne diseases cause more than 700,000 deaths each year. They represent 17% of all infectious diseases around the world.
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Types of vector-borne diseases
- Chagas disease
- Dengue fever
- Human African Trypanosomiasis
- Japanese encephalitis
- Lyme disease
- West Nile virus
- Yellow fever
Vectors which transmit these diseasesA vector is a living organism which transmits an infectious disease between humans, or from animals to humans. Such vectors include:
- Aquatic snails
- Black flies
- Triatomine bugs
- Tsetse flies
Preventing vector-borne diseases
- There are an estimated 96 million cases of dengue fever annually, with 3.9 billion people across 128 countries at risk.
- More than 400,000 deaths are caused each year around the world by malaria. A majority of these are among children under five  years of age.
- Receiving relevant vaccinations, and ensuring they are up to date.
- Wearing light-colored clothes - long-sleeved shirts, and long trousers tucked into shoes or socks.
- Using insect repellents on clothing and exposed skin.
- Installing window screens at home and the workplace.
- Sleeping under insecticide-treated bed nets.
- Checking the body regularly for ticks.
- Maintaining strict personal and food hygiene.
- Avoiding contact with blood, bodily fluids, organs, and/or secretions of infected animals and people.