A guide on how to stay safe in case of tornadoes. Tornadoes usually occur with very little or no warning at all. It is important, therefore, to take precautions in advance.
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OSHA and NOAA have initiated several efforts aimed at:
- Educating the public about the hazards of severe weather.
- Helping people and businesses prepare for tornadoes.
- Providing information about how to respond to a tornado and deal with its aftermath.
To Prepare for a Tornado
Businesses should develop an emergency plan which includes:
- Details on suitable places where personnel can take shelter
- Procedures to ensure all personnel are accounted for
- Policies for managing any hazardous materials that are on-site
* It is recommended that individuals develop personal action plans for their families.
Natural disasters such as tornadoes often require victims to survive without outside aid, usually for several days.
A basic disaster supplies kit should always be prepared and ready in case of emergency.
Recommended items for an emergency supply kit include:
- NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert
- Battery-powered or hand crank radio
- Cell phone with charges and a backup battery
- Duct tape
- Dust mask
- Extra batteries
- First aid kit
- Garbage bags
- Local maps
- Plastic sheeting
- Tool kit
- Food: Three-day supply of non-perishable food per person, at the minimum
- Water: One gallon of water per person per day for at least three days
* Emergency items serving personal and/or unique needs, such as prescription medication, glasses, feminine supplies, infant supplies, and pet food can and should be added as required.
Emergency supply kits should be maintained in a perpetual state of readiness, with expired items replaced as needed, and the entire kit updated at least once every year to accommodate changing needs.